New Delhi. India Pakistan, India China border dispute is famous not only in the world. In TV news channels debates and newspapers, you hear and read both these controversies with great interest. But the border dispute between the two states of the country is also no less and interesting than the border dispute between Pakistan and China. On Saturday, Andhra Pradesh held panchayat elections in three villages in the Kotia cluster, after which again aroused this sleeping dispute between Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. Let us also tell you what the whole matter is.
Which are the villages
These villages, with a population of about 5,000, are situated on a remote hill on the inter-state border and are inhabited by the Kondh tribals. Sometimes this area was very hot due to Maoist. By the way, the area still keeps sporadic incidents of violence. The region is also rich in mineral resources like gold, platinum, manganese, bauxite, graphite and limestone.
What is dispute
Before April 1, 1936, the villages under the Kotia Panchayat were part of the Jeypore Estate. In the Constitution of Orissa Order, 1936, published in the Gazette of India on 19 March of the same year, the Government of India demarcated Odisha from the present Madras Presidency including the present Andhra Pradesh. In 1942, the Madras government raised the boundary issue and called for a re-demarcation of the two states. In a joint survey of Odisha, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh, seven villages of Kotia Gram Panchayat were recorded as revenue villages and revenue was collected by the Odisha government, but 21 villages were left under dispute. The special thing is that when the state of Andhra Pradesh was created in 1955, the survey of villages was not done by the Andhra Pradesh government.
Both states vote in elections
This is the first time Andhra has conducted panchayat elections in any of these villages. But villagers participate in both state assembly and Lok Sabha elections. He is registered as a voter for the Salur Assembly and Araku Lok Sabha seats of Andhra and the Potka Assembly and Koraput Lok Sabha seats in Odisha.
Facilities are available from both the states
Villagers get benefits from both the states under various schemes. For example, Odisha built a gram panchayat office, a village agricultural center, an agricultural supervisor’s office, a boarding school and a 380-bed hostel. The government has also implemented MNREGA and distributed BPL cards to 800 families and job cards to 1800 families. Government of Andhra Pradesh has provided roads, power supply and ration to BPL families.
What is the current situation
In the early 1980s, Odisha filed a case in the Supreme Court and demanded jurisdiction over 21 villages. However in 2006, the court ruled that since disputes relating to state boundaries are not within the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, the matter could only be resolved by Parliament and a permanent injunction passed on the disputed territory.
Announcement of plans after announcement of election
A day after Andhra’s panchayat elections were notified, Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik inaugurated projects worth Rs 18 crore. According to media reports, the Odisha government moved the Supreme Court, which was heard on 19 February. According to the media report, in Andhra Pradesh, Vijayanagaram District Collector M Hari Jawaharlal said that all three villages are separate gram panchayats and fall under Salur Mandal, hence elections have been held.