26 January is the date that divides the peasant movement into two parts. Till earlier, the rhythm, rhythm and tone with which this movement was going on, worsened by the events of that day. The multitude of chaotic elements and the media coverage that he presented gave the image of the entire movement, with all the fears of the government starting to prove true. In the national capital, especially on the Red Fort, it was not seen that the movement of the same farmers was on the Delhi border for two months in terrible cold while urging their elected government to withdraw the three agricultural laws made by it. Were sitting This scene was witnessed by the farmers and their leaders all over the country as well. Everyone was shocked what happened. A deep sense of despair and failure was dominating the heartbeat of everyone associated with the movement.
Rebirth of movement
Whether it is the personal charisma of Rakesh Tikait or the excessive enthusiasm to end the movement on behalf of the government machinery, or the brilliance of the Sanjeevani Shakti contained in the Indian public, the dying movement resurfaced within four days and is bigger than ever Spreading appeared in the realm. But the issue was not just about the support of the farmers getting the movement. The moral impact of the movement was reduced by the events of 26 January which had imposed a discount on the credibility of the peasant leadership. The acceptance of this movement in the wider society had declined. It was not easy to retrieve it.
The farmer leadership was also understanding this. Although Tikait has been reiterating repeatedly that the command of the movement is still in the hands of the United Kisan Morcha and whatever decision is to be made there will be there, but on a practical level, UP has been replaced by Punjab as the main driving force of the movement. Was. Even then it was not enough. Even a slight disturbance could derail the movement forever. Naturally the peasant leadership was highly careful on this front. On 6 February, not only Delhi but also UP and Uttarakhand were excluded from the program of Chakka Jam. It was later clarified that this was done keeping in mind the movement of the agitating and chaotic elements in these areas. The second test of farmer leadership took place during the Rail Stop program on 18 February. During such programs, some loss of railway tracks and stations has been considered common. But this time there was no untoward incident. Even the agitating farmers, while showing special harmony towards the passengers, had overcome their apprehension of their displeasure.
Certainly, all this has helped the peasant movement regain its old rhythm. But the thing that got him the most strength in this second phase after January 26 is the active support of middle class youth with moral consciousness. But he has not gained this support on his own. Much of the credit for this will have to be given to the over-enthusiasm of the government. Even after the events of 26 January, when the movement did not end, but the new form began to look forward to its roots and then the government was engaged in more direct efforts to end it. In this sequence, not only the imposition of the borders on Delhi was intensified and by making a pit in the streets and making nails difficult for the movement to reach the necessary goods, the Internet services were also disrupted to prevent the spread of information related to the movement.
These efforts also inspired those who were unable to form a clear opinion on the demands of the peasant movement, being ignorant of the specifics of the agricultural sector. His sensitivity to democratic rights was severely hampered by new governmental measures. International pop singer Rehana’s tweet linked the movement to the new fraternity of international supporters, and the toolkit came out through the tweet of environmental activist Greta Thunberg which revealed the theory of ‘international conspiracy’. At present, the Delhi Police is trying to justify this theory in the court, so it will not be right to say anything about it now, but the debate has started in the country on the pretext that in the name of national security, the democratic rights of the people are taken away. Whether there should be a limit of This can be considered a concrete success of the movement – also because there was nothing like this included in the demands of the farmers.
Forum of unorganized producers
Meanwhile, the farmer movement is also constantly trying to expand its scope. Rakesh Tikait recently said that soon a farmer mahapanchayat could be organized in West Bengal too, and may also invite fishermen, who are currently facing huge problems. Many programs of the movement have also received good support in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh, and if the tribals dependent on forest wealth can be linked to it, then a nationwide platform of communities receiving livelihood from water and land will be a major achievement of this round. If the productive forces living in an unorganized and scattered state unite in this country, then it will be an important event not only for democracy but also for the economy. If such a forum keeps talking about it regularly and making the government aware of its demands and expectations from time to time, then it will be something beyond the immediate success and failure of any movement for which it will be remembered for a long time.
Disclaimer: The views expressed above are the author’s own